this information has been gathered over years of working with different woods for wands, conversations and research. it is not definitive and wood energies can vary depending on the trees surroundings, etc. Also, some people may be sensitive to certain properties throughout the year or life. This information is meant as a guideline. The main elemental associations are listed in descending order.

Please do not copy for publishing elsewhere. please ask any questions you have. 


various locations worldwide

Masc/Fem- Water

Very balanced, but in a different way compared to Ebony, which is more of a mixture of elements. Acacia has a very fine line between its sides, specifically masculine and feminine traits. Very similar to Teak with its personality traits. Overall, very flowing with its intentions. A resilient energy that can work well with a variety of workings. Structurally, Acacia will vary in hardness due to the varieties under the umbrella of Acacia. Therefore, careful inspection of the blank is necessary to determine what type of design that particular piece can sustain. 

African Blackwood

West, Central and South Africa

 Masculine- Spirit

Blackwood's energy, in short, does not live in the realm of the living. Highly associated with the afterlife, communication with the afterlife and endings/changes in cycles. Any work involving summoning or Spirits is recommended. Blackwood also is known to block energies at times. Occasionally, Blackwood will learn what energies its companion would like to block, making it useful in protection. It is one of a few woods that are considered true conduit woods- woods that would allow one to have direct connections to the spiritual realm. As such, Blackwood requires a regular cleansing. On my graph of elemental associations, Blackwood should not even be listed. As it lives in the Spirit Realm, it's energy will latch on to an element, either of its holder or what force its strongest in proximity. Oddly, perhaps its own way of anchoring itself here. Blackwood will work with a smaller amount of people than most. Depending greatly on a practitioners own background and energy. Some will form incredible bonds with the wood. Some will be immediately put off by an uneasy feeling when attempting to use Blackwood. A very popular wood for its dark black exterior, those that are typically drawn to its visual, from my experience, do not work well with African Blackwood.  A truly unique wood that will bond in mysterious ways, it is undoubtedly one of the most powerful and misunderstood in Wandmaking. 

Amboyna Burl

Southeast Asia

Masculine- Fire, Air

Powerful and energetic. One must be able to control energies well with Amboyna. Due to strength of the wood, designs are normally quite simple and shorter wands are produced. Which works well due to the potent energy signature to begin with.



Feminine- Earth, Spirit, Water

A grounded but bountiful and abundant energy. Some feel a strong spiritual connection with Apple. Apple woods have primarily feminine attributes to them and possess a long standing history in folklore and mythology that associates Apples in general to Goddesses. Apple wood is a fantastic choice for anyone seeking a wood for healing rituals, spiritual or physical. Apple wood will bond with its user and help to form stronger relationships, therefore working well with any bonding magic. A nice wood overall to work with both magically and in the workshop, I hesitate at times using it for longer wands due to its softer characteristic. 


North America, Europe, parts of Asia

Feminine- Air, Spirit

Helps with various types of healing work. Very intuitive and protective. A strong wood for energy work.  


North America and Europe

 Feminine- Water, Spirit, Air

Very good for protection and cleansing. Aspen has been known to be quite pure with its energy. As such, it shares some truth seeking behaviours with other woods of purity. Can be a very "moving forward" wood. 


 Feminine- Air, Fire 

Useful for binding work, friendship. A good wood for physical healing rituals. Also a nice choice for beginners who seek a wood with a slightly deeper energy. It has been known to associate itself with older energy and if it chooses so, Beech can be a wise and knowledge finding wood. 


Masculine- Fire

 Very purifying and cleansing. Less chaotic than Padauk, it does have grounding properties to it. Good for renewal and cleansing rituals. 

Black Poisonwood

Masculine- Spirit, Fire

Promotes introspection and knowledge. Allows one to see through much internal stimuli for a clearer path. Highly spiritual.


Tropical South America

 Masculine/Feminine- All physical elements 

Aligned with the physical elements (Earth Air Water Fire) and is known to amplify its holders elemental traits (Zodiac, etc). Well balanced in masculine and feminine traits. Useful for a wide variety of work. 

Black Limba

Western regions of Africa

 Masculine- Earth, Fire, Spirit

Few woods are able to journey back and forth in magic from positive light energy to a more darker nature. Normally positive if wanted, it can defend against negative, dark energy if needed to. However, powerful in its own right. It can also help its holder to become finely in tune with their darker side. Known for powerful Hex work. Highly intuitive. Good for scrying. 


Mexico, into central and south America

Masculine- Fire, Spirit--

Fiery, passionate and highly spiritual. Bocote can help to substitute African Blackwood with some traits (working with cycles). It also provides its holder clarity at times that helps with inspiration. Its a very focused wood that has almost limitless potential to take energy and finely focus it into a forward motion. Therefore, Bocote can be a powerful ally when motivation and a passionate path is needed. 



Feminine- Earth, Fire

Highly intuitive. Very positive and very useful during full moons. Its intuitive and instinctive nature can be well trusted as majority of its energy is clear and not hidden and reveals itself to its true owner well. 


Masculine/Feminine Earth, Fire

 Brings good fortune, truths. Works well for a wide variety of energy work. 


Cedar -Aromatic- Feminine- Earth, Spirit-- (pictured)- Excellent for divination.              

           -Alaskan Yellow Cedar- Feminine- Fire, Earth--Excellent for purification.            

           -Spanish Cedar- Masculine- Fire, Earth--Very similar to mahogany. 


Central America

Masculine- Fire

Energetic, good for defensive work, fiery... but interestingly works very well with lunar work too. Has a tendency to have energy spikes during full moons. Very protective, sometimes fiercely so. A loyal wood. 

California Redwood

Western North America

Masculine/Feminine- Spirit, Fire

Well known for physical healing energies. It also lends endurance traits to its holder, providing well balanced, grounded energy. Cannot tolerate longer, thinner designs. 


Masc/Fem- Spirit, Air

Enhances creativity, inspiration and artistry. Excellent for scrying as well.


Masc/Fem- Earth

Well balanced. Promoting clarity and decision making. Its energy can also be very present and abundant. Cherry enjoys being in the here and now. One of a handful of woods that I personally recommend for beginners and experienced users alike. Older Cherry woods will function very much like Oak, however possess an almost playful like energy. 


Feminine- Earth, Water, Spirit

Helps to eradicate unwanted energies from your surroundings, like home, etc. Chestnut also does well with physical healing, but more cleansing


 Feminine-Water, Spirit

Generally a soothing energy. Calming and positive. 


Masc/Fem- all five elements

 Ebony is a fine choice for anyone for a variety of reasons- mainly due to the fact that it is only one of a handful of woods in the world that are finely balanced between what people would consider Feminine / Masculine traits. As well, it is uniquely balanced between all five elements, calling to any of them with ease and also forming a bond with its holder regardless of energy they present. Due to this, it has been historically considered one of the most prized and finest woods for Wand making, even though it might not be the absolute strongest energies on the list. It also does not matter the species of Ebony as they all would exhibit this signature. In addition, I know of many who might not prefer Ebony because of the balanced nature of it as one might want a pull in a certain direction. Well suited for a variety of different workings. 


Masc/Fem- Fire, Earth

 Like Black Limba, Elm has a positive protective side or a darker, destructive side. It is also highly associated with cycles, beginnings and endings. 


Masculine- Water, Earth

A curious wood at times, Elder can both protect from negative energies or make its holder find themselves having a conversation with those negative energies. Mainly though, the repelling of negative wins the day. Elder also promotes intelligence and understanding current situation. Works well with Raven cores

Goncalo Alves

Parts of Mexico and Brazil

Masculine- Air, Spirit, Fire

 Goncalo Alves, also known as Tigerwood, is a hard wood from the Mexico region moving into South America. A hardier, dense wood, it excels at Wandsmithing due to its strength. Goncalo is well used for divination purposes, and has a free flowing, positive energy.  It does carry some protective qualities as well as purifying, however overall, Goncalo Alves is not a harsh wood to use. It's secondary name used from time to time, Tigerwood, occasionally hints at some of its nature.... being a wood that is not overly extroverted or rushed. Goncalo will be happy being patient and focused however once sprung into action, its energy is surprisingly unrestrained quality about it. Ideal for Master Class wands, unexpectedly useful in an Apprentice Class role..


North America

 Maculine- Fire, Earth, Spirit

Very similar to Oak, however, more fiery and confident. Hickory will have more of an outgoing or extroverted energy which will provide more of a confident flow outwards to those who might feel they are more introverted.


More common from North America. Some varities and species from Europe, Africa and Asia

Masculine/Feminine- Earth

A great wood for animal work, connections with animals. Also, protection and healing. A very pure wood as well, it works well for cleansing work.


central and south America

Masculine- Earth, Water

A wood of renewal. Useful for any ritual work involving personal growth or moving forward


tropical Africa

Air- Balanced Masc/Fem 

A tree that has numerous folk tales that are both ancient and new. Iroko originates from tropical African regions. It is a harder wood that can live into the area of 500 years old. It is sometimes known as African Teak.
A common theme in many of the tales of this wood is just how supernatural its energy can be. Some contacts have placed it easily into the realm of African Blackwood, which is definitely saying something. Iroko is mainly associated with the element of Air but has a very strong secondary association with Water. 
The wood has a very strong, fierce, protective nature about it. It shares many of the attributes that African Blackwood carries (such as its strong connection to spirit realm energy and communication) BUT its energy is very deeply rooted in the realm of here and now, which is one of its oddest features because once you form a bond with this wood, the feeling of Iroko is timeless, timeshifting and ancient


Central/South America. Can be found in the West Indies as well.

 Masculine- Air/Water

A hard wood in overall strength. It has a surprising energy strength as well, occasionally flying under the radar. Not a grounded wood, Jatoba will excel at many types of healing. It also has a purifying quality that, when channeled, can feel harsh. Best when used in a defensive method.


Mexico through Brazil

Masculine/Feminine- Spirit-

A highly protective wood, Kingwood excels in blocking energies with a very potent energy. It is also highly Spiritual and intuitive. Like Padauk, it best suites an experienced user and like Amoyna Burl, a smaller Wand will do nicely. 


genuine- south america. often confused with other species such as Leopard wood and species from Australia

 Masc/Fem- Water--

A nicely flowing energy. Lacewood is full of positive and luck. Lacewood is a moving wood with doesn't typically like to sit still. A wood that is very superstitious on its own, Lacewood works well with a "what if" personality. Enhances communication and will form a strong bond with its holder over time and experience.  

Lignum Vitae

central and regions of south America

Masculine- Earth, Water

 A very, natural magical wood. Incredibly strong. Very positive. Works very well with Solar cycles and energies although it is more associated with the Earth element



Masc/Fem- Fire, Spirit

A fine wood to work with. However. Read the description above for Black Limba. Makore has the same properties and is known as the next level up in comparison to energies. More potent than Black Limba, Makore will immediately leave an impression on its holder- either they will be able to work with the wood, learning from what it can reveal, or be completely repelled by its unique signature. 


various locations worldwide

 Feminine- Spirit

Surprisingly spiritual in nature, there are many types of Maple and all share similar qualities. Its energy can at times be erratic but never strays too far from centre, still making it useful for beginners.  


Northeastern, East South America

Masculine- Earth, Spirit, Water

A very well-grounded wood and renowned for its healing properties. A goal-oriented wood as well when using it with a direction in mind.   


various locations worldwide

Masculine- Earth, Fire

Well suited for majority of work, Mahogany does excel above most for fertility and new beginning rituals. Although Santos Mahogany is better at it, all types of Mahogany are useful for fertility rituals and energy work. Also beneficial in creating stronger bonds.  


Oregon into California

 Masc/Fem- Earth, Spirit, Fire

 A very balanced wood. It allows its holder to step back and it promotes deeper thought and analysis of a situation that may actually appear very unclear. It will work well for a wide variety of uses.

Nogal (Peruvian Walnut)

Mexico into South America

 Masc/Fem- Water/ Earth/ Spirit

Nogal or Peruvian Walnut is a fine example of a branch away from the standard Walnut family tree. Unlike the majority of Walnuts, which have a fine equal balance of Earth and Water type energy, Nogal is more on the flowing Water side. A more energetic member of the Walnut family, Nogal notably has a higher third association with the element of Spirit. A great wood for divination, it is a highly intuitive wood that will carry a higher energy rating overall compared to a Black or English Walnut that I would most often use. It is also a more protective wood used many times for defensive work. Nogal will fit in with many tasks- Protection, divination, healing. Nogal can be considered a fantastic choice for an "all around" wood. Due to its energy profile, many who might be more experienced with energy work will feel most comfortable with the flowing energy of Nogal, however... it is a forgiving and gentle wood at times, willing to grow into a role. Therefore, Nogal can also be a great companion of those just starting out. 


Southeast Asia

Feminine- Fire

A Feminine version of Padauk wood- powerful, shifting energy, chaotic at times. One needs to be grounded or able to work parallel with woods like these.  

Osage Orange

South, Central USA

 Masculine- Spirit, Fire

Like Shedua, it is useful for occlumency and legilimency. It has a talent for repelling energies and can create a bond with the mind well.  



Masculine- Earth, Spirit

A very grounded and spiritual wood. Highly protective and resourceful. Even though it leans towards more masculine traits, the main varieties of Oak are well balanced. Able to focus and balance an individual well and is known as a safe wood for beginners.

Oak, for all intents and purposes has been a universal favourite in Wandmaking. Regardless of the species. I enjoy using Oak for the Apprentice Class Wands and the occasional Master Class thrown into the workshop schedule. Although I don’t focus on the fact much, Oak can excel at a variety of tasks.
In past conversations with colleagues in my circles, Oak can group well into what we in the profession call “Seer” woods. Oak is very much stealth when speaking of this grouping as generally it’s known for its stability, calm, grounding nature. And for the vast majority of the time that’s exactly how I advertise and explain it as it is Oaks primary personality. However, for those that know Oak well, it possesses another side to it.
Oak has a hidden talent for divination and scrying in wandmaking. You might not notice this energy immediately as Oak is comfortable with taking its time and being patient itself. It’s talent for this catches almost everyone off guard. However, you don’t need to travel far to hear very spiritual tales about this great tree. Stories and beliefs associated with Oak can be found everywhere from Christianity, Norse culture, Celtic and Greek mythologies .... numerous locations and backgrounds that I could never fit into one post.
So take into consideration Oaks hidden talents as we travel closer to the years end, meeting up with another Realm.
I carry a special stock of double century old Oak and recently had received what I believe to be Holm Oak (might also be Turkish Oak). Reclaimed Oak for Wands, unlike its milled and “freshly made” counterparts, possess an amazing refined and wise nature about them. They have lived and seen in different ways compared to newly cut Oak. Their ability to unlock and work with Oaks more unknown energies is more common and impressive.


Europe and regions of Africa

 Masc/Fem- Air

 Overall, a nicely balanced wood. Strong, peaceful.  




Padauk is known for its dynamic, ever changing energy. It can be chaotic at times; therefore, it is not normally recommended for those starting in the Craft. However, if one was able to pair well with Padauk, its energy is extremely powerful....and in some circles, is considered the strongest energy wood to use for Wandmaking.  Can be useful for healing, energy, ambition, success, divination.